Discovery seminar by Alessandro Grelli – University of Copenhagen

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Discovery seminar by Alessandro Grelli

Title: Heavy-Flavour production at LHC

Abstract: Hadrons containing heavy-flavours are effective probes of the properties of the hot and dense QCD medium produced in heavy-ion collisions. Due to their large masses, heavy quarks are produced at the initial stage of the collision, almost exclusively via hard partonic scattering processes. As a consequence, they are expected to experience the full collision history propagating through and interacting with the QCD medium. The parton energy loss, which is sensitive to the transport coefficients of the produced medium, can be studied experimentally by measuring the nuclear modification factor which accounts for the modification of the heavy-flavoured hadron yield in A–A collisions with respect to pp collisions. In semi-central A–A collisions, the degree of thermalization of charm quarks in the QCD medium can be accessed via the measurement of the heavy-flavour elliptic flow at low transverse momentum. Further insights in thermalization and coalescence hadronization can be obtained by comparing the production of charmed baryons and strange charmed mesons with non-strange charmed mesons.
Several experimental collaborations at the Large Hadron Collider have measured the production of charmonium and bottonium states as well as open heavy flavor hadrons via their hadronic and semi-leptonic decay channels in pp, p-A and A–A collisions in an energy domain that ranges from s = 2.76 TeV to s = 13 TeV in pp collisions and from √sNN = 2.76 TeV to sNN = 5.02 TeV in A–A collisions. In this contribution the latest experimental results will be reviewed as well as possible future directions.